System In India refers to the durable goods,cash, and real or
movable property that the bride's family gives to the bridwgroom,his parents,or his relatives as a condition of the marriage.
dowry stemmed from india's skewed inheritance laws, and the hindu succession act
nedded to be amended to stop the routine disinheritance of daughters.dowry is essentially in the
nature of a payment in cash or some kind of gifts given to bride and
other huousehold item that help the newlyweds set up their home.Dowry is reffered to as "Dahez
(derived from islamic jahez-e-fatimi
Women and Dowry
In some cases,the dowry system leads to crime against women ragging from emotional abuse and
injury to even death.Dowry is a social evil society, that has caused unimaginable tortures and
crimes toward women.The evil has taken lives of women from all strates of society-be it poor,
middle class or rich. However it is the poor who succumb anfd fall prey to it,more due to their lack of awereness and education.
it is because of the dowry system,that daugthers are not valued as much as the sons.In the society,
many a times it has been seen that they are seen as a liability and area often subjected to subjugation and are given
second hand tratement may it be in education or other amenities.
Graph for Dowry System
The harassment related to the demand of dowry from the bride and her parents. Sometimes such harassments
lead to the death of the girl known as „dowry death‟. Every day in the news paper the news in connection
with dowry is seen. The headlines say it all: „Woman suffers 90% burns; mother-in-law, sister-in-law held
In a recent news, a woman in Delhi lost vision of one eye after being beaten by her husband and in-laws over dowry demands.
Defining dowry-related violence Nominally, violence can be defined as an act carried out with the intention or
perceived intention of physically hurting another person. The hurt may be emotional injury or even material deprivation.
This definition also includes harassment, cruelty as well as death caused by such behaviour. Thus persistent demands for
dowry, even though unintentional, against the woman or her kin, leading to the oppressive conduct by the spouse and /or
by the in-laws toward the woman resulting in her harassment, death, or in commission of suicide by her can be termed as
dowry related violence . In particular, a number of scholars have assessed the implications of the framing of dowry as
an issue primarily concerned with violence typically leading to the death of women. For instance, the National Crime
Records Bureau of the Government of India collects statistics on dowry deaths that in 2004 it recorded 7026 such deaths.
Effect of Dowry System (Disadvantages of Dowry System)
The Dowry System reduces the position and status of a woman. Boys and girls are reduced into a saleable
commodity. The parents of well-established young men demand handsome dowry from the parents who want to
marry his daughter to their son. And the man who can offer the highest dowry can secure the most deserving
husband for his daughter.
Many parents have to sell all their properties to get their daughters married. Again if the parents fail to
pay the dowry at the time of marriage or after marriage, the brides have to suffer inhuman torture in their
husband’s houses. As a result, some of these newly-wed brides have to commit suicide, some are put to death and
some are compelled to file divorce suits.